MBA Notes - Definition and Objectives of Advertising

Question - What is advertising, define advertising, and state its objectives?

Meaning of Advertising - Advertising is an activity of attracting public attention to a product or business, as by paid announcements in the print, broadcast, or electronic media.

Advertising is a paid form of a non-personal message communicated through the various media by industry, business firms, nonprofit organizations, or individuals. Advertising is persuasive and informational and is designed to influence the purchasing behaviour and/or thought patterns of the audience. Advertising is a marketing tool and may be used in combination with other marketing tools, such as sales promotions, personal selling tactics, or publicity.

Definition of Advertising - Advertising is defined differently by different people, some of the definitions are as follows:

According to Richard Buskirk, "Advertising is a paid form of non-personal presentation of ideas, goods or services by an identified sponsor."

According to Wheeler, "Advertising is any form of paid non-personal presentation of ideas, goods or services for the purpose of inducting people to buy."

According to William J. Stanton, "Advertising consists of all the activities involves in presenting to a group, a non-personal, oral or visual, openly sponsored message regarding disseminated through one or more media and is paid for by an identified sponsor."

Objectives of Advertising - The real objective of advertising is effective communication between producers and consumers with the purpose to sell a product, service, or idea. The main objectives of advertising are as follows:

Objective of advertising is to inform its targeted audience/customers about introduction of new product, update or changes in existing products or product related changes, information regarding new offers and schemes. Informative advertising seeks to develop initial demand for a product. The promotion of any new market entry tends to pursue this objective because marketing success at this stage often depends simply on announcing product availability. Thus, informative advertising is common in the introductory stage of the product life cycle.

Objective of advertising is to increase demand for existing product by persuading new customer for first time purchase and existing customers for repurchases. Persuasive advertising attempts to increase demand for an existing product. Persuasive advertising is a competitive type of promotion suited to the growth stage and the early part of the maturity stage of the product life cycle.

The objective of advertising is to remind customers about existence of product, and ongoing promotional activities. Reminder advertising strives to reinforce previous promotional activity by keeping the name of a product before the public. It is common in the latter part of the maturity stage and throughout the decline stage of the product life cycle.

Mathews, Buzzell, Levitt and Frank have listed some specific objectives of advertising.
  • To make an immediate sale. 
  • To build primary demand. 
  • To introduce a price deal. 
  • To build brand recognition or brand insistence. 
  • To help salesman by building an awareness of a product among retailers. 
  • To create a reputation for service, reliability or research strength. 
  • To increase market share.

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